# Normal Distribution

## Normal Distribution / Gaussian Distribution

A Random Variable (X) having mean ( ) and standard deviation ( ) is said to be Normally Distributed if it has the following properties:

#### Properties of Normal Distribution

• The mean, median and mode are all at the centre point.
• There is no skewness.
• It has a kurtosis of 3.
• It follows Bell Curve.
• It is symmetrical on both sides of the mean.
• 50% data lies before the mean and the other 50% is on the right side of the mean.
• The data near the mean is more frequent in occurrence than the data far from it.

#### Empirical Rule

• If you go one standard deviation to the left and one standard deviation to the right, it covers 68% of the total data.
• If you go two standard deviations to the left and two standard deviations to the right, it covers 95% of the total data.
• If you go three standard deviations to the left and three to the right, it covers 99.7% of the total data. ## Standard Normal Distribution

Standard Normal Distribution is a particular type of Normal Distribution where the mean is 0 and the standard deviation is 1. ### How to convert Normal Distribution into Standard Normal Distribution?

Normal Distribution can be converted to Standard Normal Distribution by using a z-score. This process is also called Standardization.

z-score = where

• = mean
• = standard deviation
• = current value

## Central Limit Theorem

The Normal Distribution is key to the central limit theorem. According to it, if multiple samples are taken from a population then the distribution of their sample means will follow a normal distribution as the sample size increases.

## Applications of Normal Distribution

• All kind of variables in nature is nearly normally distributed like height, weight, job satisfaction, body temperature, strength etc.
• The central limit theorem is based on the concept of normal distribution.
• The assumption behind statistical tests is that data follows a normal distribution.
• If a variable is not normally distributed, it can be converted into normal distribution by a simple transformation.

You can check other probability distributions here.